Community based facilities that provide supervised living and support services for nonviolent offenders and released inmates who meet specified criteria. Residents may be community sentenced offenders or probation/parole violators placed in the facility for disciplinary sanctions as an alternative to incarceration, work release offenders, offenders owing restitution, offenders who need intensive programming, and/or offenders who have demonstrated positive adjustment while in an institutional setting and need additional support to ease the transition from incarceration to community living. Some facilities may target specific groups of offenders such as women with young children who may remain with their mothers for the duration of their stay while others are structured to accept multiple types of offenders. Residents may be permitted to leave for work, school, or treatment, but are otherwise restricted to the facility. Specific privileges and restrictions depend on the population served. Residence in a community based correctional facility may be imposed as a "stand alone" sentence by the courts, be a condition of supervised release for intermittent confinements or split sentences (a term of imprisonment followed by other, less restrictive sanctions), be used to tighten restrictions on offenders who have violated the conditions of their probation/parole, or provide a transitional setting for offenders selected for placement by a correctional institution at the end of their sentence. Community correctional centres may be in the community or attached to a jail or similar institution, and may be privately operated or operated by a correctional authority.
Programs that hold adult and youth offenders accountable for their crimes by having them spend a specified number of hours serving the community or crime victims through uncompensated work in lieu of a fine, restitution or jail. Community service orders (CSOs) may also be issued as a condition of probation by the court as a sanction, or it may be stipulated as a condition of diversion. Offenders can work for churches, hospitals, nursing homes, municipalities and other public and nonprofit organizations. CSOs are usually arranged and monitored through a corrections agency, but work assignments and supervision at the work site are normally the responsibility of a community organization such as a local volunteer centre or a public agency.
Programs that provide for the formal supervision of people who have been conditionally released from jail, prison or other confinement after serving part of the term for which they were sentenced based on the judgment of a parole board that there is a reasonable probability that they will live and remain at liberty without violating the law. People who are on parole remain in the legal custody of the province and may be reincarcerated if they violate the terms of their parole order.
The above terms and definitions are part of the Taxonomy of Human Services, used here by permission of INFO LINE of Los Angeles: Copyright Notice.